Course Overview
  1. Course Periodization



Date Range



Technological and Environmental Transformations

Up to 600 BCE



Organization and Reorganization of Human Societies

600 BCE to 600 CE



Regional and Transregional Interactions

600 to 1450



Global Interactions

1450 to 1750



Industrialization and Global Integration

1750 to 1900



Accelerating Global Change and Realignments

1900 to the present


The notation C.E. (Common Era) equates with A.D. (Anno Domini)

The notation B.C.E. (Before the Common Era) equates with B.C. (Before Christ)

 Course Themes

1.       Interaction between Humans and the Environment (ENV)

a.       Interaction between humans and the environment; Demography and disease; Migration; Patterns of settlement; Technology

2.       Development and Interactions of Cultures (CUL)

a.       Religions; Belief systems, philosophies, and ideologies; Science and technology; The arts and architecture

3.       State Building, Expansion, and Conflict (SB)

a.       Political structures and forms of governance; Empires; Nations and nationalism; Revolts and revolutions; Regional, transregional, and global structures and organizations

4.       Creation, Expansion, and Interaction of Economic Systems (ECON)

a.       Agricultural and pastoral production; Trade and commerce; Labor systems; Industrialization; Capitalism and socialism

5.       Development and Transformation of Social Structures (SOC)

a.       Gender roles and relations; Family and kinship; Racial and ethnic constructions; Social and economic classes

Review of Periods 1, 2, and 3

World Religions

a.       Hinduism and Buddhism (Ch. 5, 6)

b.       Confucianism, Taoism, Dynasties (Ch. 9)

c.       Judaism, Christianity, & Islam (Ch. 5, 6, 10, 11)

d.       Special Focus: Faith & Reason in Middle Ages


Period 4: 1450 to 1750

Trade Routes, Exploration, Renaissance, and Reformation

a.       Indian Ocean Game

b.       Trade Routes Review (Ch. 8)

c.       World around 1500, inc. Renaissance (Ch. 13)

d.       Special Focus: Who was the greatest voyager?

e.       Protestant Reformation (Ch. 16)

Colonization, and Global Trade

a.       The Columbian Exchange (Ch. 14)

b.       Spanish Empire in America (Ch. 14)

c.       Commercial Revolution, Mercantilism, and the Silver Trade (Ch. 15)

d.       Atlantic Slave Trade (Ch. 15)

Early Modern States and Empires

a.       Review European Maritime Empires: French, British, Dutch, Portuguese, Spanish (Ch. 14)

b.       Ottoman and Mughal Empires (Ch. 14)

c.       Ming and Qing Dynasties (Ch. 13, 14)

d.       Tokugawa Japan (Ch. 19)

e.       Russian Empire (Ch. 14)

f.        European Absolutism (Ch. 14)


Period 5 (1750 to 1900)

Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment

a.       Scientific Revolution (Ch. 16)

b.       Enlightenment (Ch. 16)

Political Revolutions and Nationalism (Ch. 17)

a.       American Revolution & Dec. of Indep.

b.       French Revolution & Dec. Rights of Man

c.       Haitian Revolution

d.       Latin American Revolutions & Jamaica Letter

e.       Napoleon and the Congress of Vienna

f.        Nationalism and Italian/ German Unification

Industrial Revolution (Ch. 18)

a.       Origins and Key Inventions

b.       Political, Economic, and Social Effects

c.       Global Capitalism and Classical Liberalism (Smith, Mill)

d.       Socialism and Communism (Marx)

Period 5 (1750 to 1900)

Imperialism and Reforms

a.       Overview and Ideology: Social Darwinism, White Man’s Burden (Ch. 19)

b.       Qing Dynasty Disasters (Ch. 19)

c.       Ottoman Empire & Suez Canal (Ch. 19)

d.       Meiji Japan (Ch. 19)

e.       Russian Revolution (Ch. 18)

f.        Scramble for Africa (Ch. 20)

g.       British Raj in India (Ch. 20)


Period 6: 1900 to the present

World Wars (Ch. 21)

a.       World War I: Causes, Events

b.       Effects of World War I – Mandate System, Treaty of Versailles, League of Nations

c.       Interwar Era: Depression and Dictators

d.       World War II: Causes, Events

e.       World War II: Effects, Human Rights

Cold War (Ch. 21, Ch. 22)

a.       Origins: WWII, Yalta, Berlin, Nuclear Weapons

b.       Chinese Communism

c.       Korean War

d.       Cuban Missile Crisis

e.       Vietnam War

f.        Endings and Outcomes

Nationalism & Independence Movements       (Ch. 23)

a.       Indian Independence and Partition

b.       African Independence: Ghana, Kenya, Algeria

c.       Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa, Nelson Mandela

d.       Rwanda Genocide

e.       Middle East: Israeli Nationalism, Palestinian Nationalism, Iranian Revolution

Globalization (Ch. 24)

a.       Science and Technology

b.       Economic Integration: NAFTA, EU, IMF, etc.

c.       Pop Culture

d.       Immigration and Refugees

e.       International Terrorism



SOL Review & SOL Test

a.       Practice SOL Test

AP Review & AP Exam

a.       Mock AP Exam